West Highland Flora

Common Cow-wheat


Melampyrum pratense

 

Melampyrum pratense

Photo Carl Farmer
4 Aug 2002 Sligachan, Skye

Occasional in woods or heathery ground.

Height c 20-50 cm.  Flower c 12-18 mm long.

ID: Unmistakable in flower.  Flower-tube normally more yellow than in picture on left.  Picture below shows pale cream flowers.  Flower-tube much longer than calyx (including teeth), whereas in the rare Small Cow-wheat they are more or less equal.

Other features: Flowers in pairs, both facing the same way, in axils of bracts.  Sometimes deep yellow.  Lower bracts are like leaves but upper often have long linear lobes at base.  Sepal teeth curved upwards (radiating outwards in Small Cow-wheat).  Lower lip of flower has underside in line with flower tube (deflexed in Small Cow-wheat)

 

Melampyrum pratense


Photo Carl Farmer
14 Jun 2003 Knoydart
Front upper flower 17 mm from base of stalk to tip of lip


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