West Highland Flora

Fragrant Agrimony


Agrimonia procera

Older name: Agrimonia odorata

Agrimonia procera

Photo Carl Farmer
3 Sep 2005 Scorrybreac, Skye
Front flower c 11 mm across horiz

Occasional near the coast in grassy areas, woodland edge or among bracken.

Flower diameter c 7-11 mm

ID: Told from Common Agrimony by the fruits (see pic below).  To avoid confusion, imagine the fruit pointing upwards, with the place where it joins the stem at the bottom.  The fruit has a ring of hooked bristles, the uppermost ones being almost upright, and the lowest ones being deflexed slightly below the horizontal.  In Common Agrimony the lowest bristles are not deflexed below the horizontal.

Below the ring of bristles there are a series of vertical grooves, visible in the picture, which in this species do not reach the base of the fruit.  In Common Agrimony the fruit is grooved all the way to the base.

Other features: The stems and the underside of the leaves have scattered hairs and numerous tiny glands, the glands being more plentiful than the hairs (in Common Agrimony the glands are few and the hairs many).  These glands can be difficult to see even with a 10x lens; they are easiest to see on the leaf midrib.  Flowers are larger than in Common Agrimony.  Leaves are more strongly scented than in Common Agrimony but this is not a reliable ID character.

 

Agrimonia procera

Photo Carl Farmer
3 Sep 2005 Scorrybreac, Skye

Fruit in focus c 10 mm long

 

Agrimonia procera

Photo Carl Farmer
3 Sep 2005 Scorrybreac, Skye

Middle pair of leaflets c 14 cm tip to tip


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